The Andaman Islands form an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal between India , to the west, and Myanmar , to the north and east. Most are part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands which are a Union Territory of India, while a small number in the north of the archipelago, including the Coco Islands , belong to Myanmar. The Andaman Islands are home to the Andamanese , a group of indigenous people that includes a number of tribes, including the Jarawa and Sentinelese tribes. The Sentinelese are generally hostile to visitors and have had little contact with any other people. The government protects their right to privacy. The earliest archaeological evidence yet documented goes back some 2, years; however, the indications from genetic , cultural and isolation studies suggest that the islands may have been inhabited as early as the Middle Paleolithic. In , the Bengal Presidency established a naval base and penal colony on Chatham Island in the southeast bay of Great Andaman. After two years, the colony was moved to the northeast part of Great Andaman and was named Port Cornwallis after Admiral William Cornwallis.
A tour of torture
Hypatia [a] born c. She was a prominent thinker of the Neoplatonic school in Alexandria where she taught philosophy and astronomy. She is known to have written a commentary on Diophantus 's thirteen-volume Arithmetica , which may survive in part, having been interpolated into Diophantus's original text, and another commentary on Apollonius of Perga 's treatise on conic sections , which has not survived. Many modern scholars also believe that Hypatia may have edited the surviving text of Ptolemy 's Almagest , based on the title of her father Theon 's commentary on Book III of the Almagest. Hypatia is known to have constructed astrolabes and hydrometers , but did not invent either of these, which were both in use long before she was born. Although she herself was a pagan , she was tolerant towards Christians and taught many Christian students, including Synesius , the future bishop of Ptolemais.
An expanding gulag
Ghabbash, a law student from Aleppo, repeatedly confessed his actual offense: organizing peaceful antigovernment protests. But the torture continued for 12 days, until he wrote a fictional confession to planning a bombing. He was flown to a crammed prison at Mezze air base in Damascus, the Syrian capital, where he said guards hung him and other detainees from a fence naked, spraying them with water on cold nights. To entertain colleagues over dinner, he and other survivors said, an officer calling himself Hitler forced prisoners to act the roles of dogs, donkeys and cats, beating those who failed to bark or bray correctly. In a military hospital, he said, he watched a nurse bash the face of an amputee who begged for painkillers.
They had been discussing the unveiling movement, and he had declared his support for the complete unveiling of both sexes, male and female, only to suddenly ask, 'Or, did you ask me about the Nude? Yes, I am one of its champions. The Nude in everything. The nudity of women; just as the nudity of this glass! The poet had even spoken about a series of encounters with a prostitute, whose veils he removed until she stood nude on the carpet, asserting, 'a woman who has a beautiful face and body is more precious than all Arab monarchies'. At stake in this exchange about the Nude, then, as Rihani understood, was a Gordian knot of Arab modernity: problems of gendered relations, access as power, beauty as resource, intoxication as poetry, desire as idealized and extramarital, all exacerbated by foreign Mandate rule. Curated by Octavian Esanu and Kirsten Scheid, this meticulously researched exhibition offers a revelatory chronicle of contested visuality in Mandate Lebanon primarily, but also Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Palestine, and Algeria. It demonstrates in dazzling detail how the naked body offered Arab intellectuals and artists a vast terrain of social and political activation.